The catalog for Christie’s 1964 sale of the Lord St. Oswald Collection contained no U.S. Half Cents. However, the 1992 catalog included two 1794 Half Cents, both of exceptional quality. They appear to have been overlooked in 1964, as they certainly deserved to be in the earlier sale, where they would have fit in nicely with the other coins there.
Both of the Lord St. Oswald 1794 Half Cents were of the Cohen 9 variety, which is one of the High Relief Head types. The “rubbing” described in the 1992 catalog for both lots (see below) is a slight change in color on the very highest points on the obverse. This is typical of the High Relief Head and is more a function of strike than wear.
Lot 284 “U.S.A., Liberty Cap Half-cent, 1794, head of Liberty right, rev. value in wreath, slightly rubbed on the highest points but Uncirculated and with some original mint lustre, very rare thus.”
Eric Streiner purchased this coin directly from the 1992 sale and it was sold through Jay Parrino into the Foxfire Collection, which, in turn, was sold intact to the Pogue family. The coin has remained in their possession ever since. Recently, PCGS graded this coin MS66 Red-Brown and it is slated to appear as Lot 3005 in the Stack’s/Bowers February 2016 auction of the D. Brent Pogue Collection. A high quality image of this coin can be seen at http://images.pcgs.com/CoinFacts/32157244_max.jpg)
This is arguably the finest known example of the Cohen 9 variety. The surfaces of this coin appear to be completely original in terms of preservation and color. Jim McGuigan’s PCGS MS66 Brown example is slightly glossier in appearance but it has less red color than the Lord St. Oswald piece. The next best example is the PCGS MS65 Red-Brown example from the Missouri Cabinet (sold for $402,500 in 2014).
William Strickland Collection – Charles Winn (husband of Priscilla Strickland, son-in-law and cousin of William Strickland), Rowland Winn, 1st Baron St. Oswald of Nostell – Rowland Winn, 2nd Baron St. Oswald of Nostell – Rowland George Winn, 3rd Baron St. Oswald of Nostell – Rowland Denys Guy Winn, Major the Lord St. Oswald, M.C. – Christie’s 2/1992:284 (as Raw Uncirculated, slightly rubbed on the high points), $68,904 – Eric Streiner – Jay Parrino (The Mint), sold privately in 8/1995 – Foxfire Collection (Claude E. Davis, MD), sold privately (as an entire collection) on 10/5/2004 – Brent Pogue Collection (as PCGS MS66RB 32157244)
Lot 285 “U.S.A., Liberty Cap Half-cent, 1794, head of Liberty right, rev. value in wreath, small patch of verdigris on wreath on reverse, rubbed on the high points but uncirculated and with some original mint lustre, very rare thus.”
The present whereabouts of this coin is unknown. The coin is easily identified by the presence of a small localized area of darker color on the upper right reverse edge between the F of OF and the first A of AMERICA. It has not appeared in any major auction or collection since the 1992 sale.
William Strickland Collection – Charles Winn (husband of Priscilla Strickland, son-in-law and cousin of William Strickland), Rowland Winn, 1st Baron St. Oswald of Nostell – Rowland Winn, 2nd Baron St. Oswald of Nostell – Rowland George Winn, 3rd Baron St. Oswald of Nostell – Rowland Denys Guy Winn, Major the Lord St. Oswald, M.C. – Christie’s 2/1992:285 (as Raw Uncirculated, rubbed on the high points), $45,936
Next installment – the Lord St. Oswald 1795 Half Dollars.
The 1964 Christie’s catalog of the Lord St. Oswald Collection contained three remarkable 1795 Silver Dollars, as follows:
Lot 139 “U.S.A., DOLLAR, 1795 (Bolender no. 2) – planchet marks on both sides and some scratching in obverse field, otherwise in brilliant mint state, very rare.”
Lot 139 sold for 460 British Pounds (the contemporary equivalent of $1,288) to the American firm of Stack’s, where it joined Norman Stack’s personal collection. In 1989, Mr. Stack sold the coin through Eric Streiner. In its most recent appearance, Stack’s/Bowers sold the coin in a 2014 auction in an NGC SP64 holder. The full pedigree includes only four auction appearances since the 1964 Christie’s sale:
William Strickland Collection – Charles Winn (husband of Priscilla Strickland, son-in-law and cousin of William Strickland), Rowland Winn, 1st Baron St. Oswald of Nostell – Rowland Winn, 2nd Baron St. Oswald of Nostell – Rowland George Winn, 3rd Baron St. Oswald of Nostell – Rowland Denys Guy Winn, Major the Lord St. Oswald, M.C. – Christie, Manson, and Woods 10/1964:139 (as Raw Mint State), $1,288 (460 British Pounds) – Norman Stack, sold privately through Eric Streiner in 1989 – Superior 8/1991:553 – Bob Bisanz U.S. Type Set Collection – Heritage 1/2001:7186 – Heritage 1/2007:1025 (as NGC MS64PL 1848399-003), $161,000 (no mention was made of the prior pedigree in the Heritage catalog) – Stack’s/Bowers 8/2014:13114 (as NGC SP64 3722004-018), not sold, though a post-sale press release reported a sale price of $822,500
Lot 140 “U.S.A., DOLLAR, 1795 (Bolender no. 2) – a similar coin, planchet marks on both sides, some scratching on face and in field on obverse, otherwise in mint state, very rare.”
This was a duplicate of the preceding lot, but it sold for nearly double the price. This example was purchased by Mrs. Alfred Ostheimer for 900 British Pounds (the contemporary equivalent of $2,520). To our knowledge, this coin has not reappeared on the market since 1964.
Lot 141 “U.S.A., DOLLAR, 1795 (Bolender no. 7) – in mint state, a rare [sic] variety than last two.”
In fact, the Bolender 7, Bowers-Borckardt 18 variety is no rarer than the Bolender 2, Bowers-Borckardt 20 variety, but this was a special coin because it is the finest “Silver Plug” Dollar known (though it is doubtful if that meant anything in 1964 because the significance of the silver plugs remained undiscovered until years later). Today, we know that silver plugs were inserted into the center of underweight silver dollar and half dollar planchets to bring them up to the proper weight. This coin exhibits both the silver plug AND adjustment marks, which were scratches caused when a file was used to remove silver and bring the coin down to proper weight.
The London firm of Spink & Son purchased Lot 141 for 700 British Pounds (the contemporary equivalent of $1,960). In its most recent appearance, this coin sold as part of the D. Brent Pogue Collection in September 2015 as a PCGS MS65+. The full pedigree includes a stint in the fabulous collection of type coins built by former Congressman “Jimmy” Hayes:
William Strickland Collection – Charles Winn (husband of Priscilla Strickland, son-in-law and cousin of William Strickland), Rowland Winn, 1st Baron St. Oswald of Nostell – Rowland Winn, 2nd Baron St. Oswald of Nostell – Rowland George Winn, 3rd Baron St. Oswald of Nostell – Rowland Denys Guy Winn, Major the Lord St. Oswald, M.C. – Christie, Manson, and Woods 10/1964:141 (as Raw Mint State), $1,960 (700 British Pounds) – Spink & Son, Ltd. – Lester Merkin 10/1973:451 – Dr. Herbert Ketterman, sold privately – James A. “Jimmy” Hayes Collection – Stack’s 4/1983:1220 – RARCOA, sold privately in 9/1987 – D. Brent Pogue Collection (as PCGS MS65+ 31529965) – Stack’s/Bowers & Sotheby’s 9/2015:2043 (as PCGS MS65+ 31529965), $705,000
Next installment – the Lord St. Oswald 1794 Half Cents.
The Lord St. Oswald Collection contained two 1794 Silver Dollars, both of which appeared as the first two lots of U.S. coins in the 1964 sale. Both were described as Mint State and both sold for exactly the same price – 4,000 British Pounds, or the equivalent of $11,200 each.
The cataloger of the Christie’s 1964 sale described the first 1794 Silver Dollar (lot 137) as follows:
“U.S.A., DOLLAR, 1794 (Bolender p. 17) – in mint state and showing original planchet marks, very well struck for this rarity.”
The official, post-sale list of prices realized named A.H. Baldwin & Sons as the buyer of the coin. However, Q. David Bowers later listed the buyer as the American coin dealer, Lester Merkin, acting as agent for the American collectors Ambassador and Mrs. R. Henry Norweb. In November 1988, Bowers and Merena sold the Norweb 1794 Silver Dollar as lot 3741, where it was described as “MS60/63…believed to be the second or third finest known.” The price realized in 1988 was $242,000, a substantial advance over the original purchase price. It is believed that this example is currently in a PCGS MS64 holder and is still owned by the buyer at the 1988 sale. Thus, this coin has not only one of the longest continuous pedigrees of any U.S. coin combined with the least number of owners.
Next up was lot 138, a second 1794 Silver Dollar described as follows:
“U.S.A. DOLLAR, 1794 – a similar coin, in mint state and with fewer planchet marks than last, but slight scratches on obverse and some rim damage on reverse, very well struck.”
This lot was purchased by Alfred Ostheimer and his wife, Jacque. The Ostheimers sold the coin privately in 1969, and then the coin passed through various collections, auctions, and dealer’s hands throughout the 1970’s and the early 1980’s. Superior Galleries sold the coin at auction in 1973 for $110,000. Bowers & Ruddy auctioned the coin in 1975 for $75,000, the only publicly recorded loss in this coin’s history. Dealers Julian Leidman, Phil Herres (of DollarTowne), and Leon Hendrickson (of SilverTowne) owned the coin at various times. In 1983, the coin entered the collection of Jimmy Hayes via dealer John Dannreuther. However, Hayes retained the coin for less than three years, selling it in Stack’s 50th Anniversary Sale in October 1985. There, dealer David Akers purchased the coin as agent for D. Brent Pogue and his father, in whose collection the coin remained for just shy of thirty years. In 2013, the Pogues submitted the coin to PCGS, where it received a grade of MS66+. In September 2015, this remarkable coin made a grand re-appearance in a joint Stack/Bowers and Sotheby’s sale, where it realized $4,993,750.
Before surveying the coins in the Lord St. Oswald collection, an examination of the two auction catalogs in which they appeared will help add some context for American collectors. The Lord St. Oswald coins appeared in British sales and most collectors have never seen either catalog, particularly the rare, earliest sale.
The first appearance of the Lord St. Oswald coins was in a Christie’s auction held on October 13, 1964 in London, England. At the time, Christie’s styled itself as Christie’s, Manson & Woods, Ltd. Today, the company is known simply as Christie’s. The 1964 sale took place at Christie’s headquarters at 8 King Street, St. James’s, London, the same location that had served as their headquarters since 1823 and which is still their flagship location.
The catalog for the 1964 sale is rather rare today. In May 2014, the American bookseller, Kolbe and Fanning, offered a priced catalog at auction, where it realized $1,762.50. The catalog was in a small-format size of roughly 7” x 9.5” with green card covers and only 177 lots. The title page of the catalog read: “Catalogue of English, Foreign, and Important American Coins: The Property of Major The Lord St. Oswald, M.C. removed from Nostell Priory, Wakefield, Yorkshire.” The catalog contained no history of Lord St. Oswald or a background of the collection, or any explanation of the origin of the coins or why they were being sold. The sale started at eleven o’clock “precisely” with Lot 1, a gold Noble of Edward III, followed by one hundred and thirty-six lots of English, Scottish, French, Italian, Swiss, and ancient coins. The highlights of the auction were a small group of thirty lots of high-grade, early American coins that began with lot 137 – a Mint State 1794 Silver Dollar. Included in the thirty lots were two 1794 Silver Dollars, three 1795 Silver Dollars, three 1795 Half Dollars, and twenty-two 1794 Large Cents (the particulars of these coins will be revealed in future installments, but the descriptions in the 1964 catalog are terse and curt, certainly not in keeping with the importance of the coins as we know them today). The final lots of the sale included eight American Colonial lots and miscellaneous lots of British and world coins.
The back of the 1964 catalog contained four collotype plates. Five of the American coins appeared on Plate IV. In keeping with the state of catalog production at the time, the coins are poorly trimmed, with irregular edges, but they are wholly adequate for identifying the coins for pedigree purposes.
Buyers of the American coins in the 1964 sale included the London firms of Baldwin and Spinks, the American firm of Stack’s, the American coin dealer, Lester Merkin, and American collectors, Al Ostheimer, H. Van Colle, and Edwin Shapiro. It is unclear who actually attended the sale, or if the buyers were purchasing coins for themselves or as agents for others. Baldwin’s name appears as the buyer on the largest number of lots (ten). Baldwin and Ostheimer each came away with one of the 1794 Silver Dollars.
The catalog for the 1992 sale is a much different publication. Now, large, over-sized, full color images of a 1662 gold pattern Crown of Charles II grace the front and back covers of the catalog. Now, the firm is known as Christie’s, but the sale was held again at the old King Street location. Now, the title page of the catalog reads: “Ancient, English, and Foreign Coins, Commemorative Medals, and Banknotes: From Various Sources.” This catalog contained 528 lots of British, world, and American coins. The only clue that the sale contained coins from the Lord St. Oswald collection was a small note introducing Lot 251:
“THE PROPERTY OF A GENTLEMAN”
“The following ten lots were among a parcel of coins removed from Nostell Priory, Wakefield, Yorkshire. An important group of coins from the same property was sold in these Rooms, October 13, 1964. All the coins are in better than average condition, having been collected during the early part of the 19th century by a member of the Winn Family. See also lots 281-285”.
Lots 251 to 260 included American colonial coins; lots 281-285 contained a 1793 Chain Cent, two 1794 Large Cents, and two 1794 Half Cents, all of which will be revealed later. Again, the descriptions are terse but, this time, all five of the U.S. coins are plated (in black-and-white). One wonders why these coins were left out of the 1964 sale, as they are all of similarly high quality.
Next installment – a look at the two 1794 Silver Dollars from the Lord St. Oswald Collection
If you weren’t familiar with the Lord St. Oswald name before, you probably heard it multiple times after one of his 1794 Silver Dollars sold in September 2015 for just under five million dollars.
The Lord St. Oswald pedigree is one of the most legendary in all of numismatics. The name is associated with quality, particularly with reference to early American coins. As a young numismatist, I heard of the Lord St. Oswald pedigree over the years as individual coins appeared and re-appeared on the market. For some reason, my recollection of the story of the Lord St. Oswald coins – either from reading it somewhere or conjuring it up in my dreams – was that the good Lord visited the Mint in 1795, purchased a small group of incredibly high-grade Large Cents, Half Dollars, and Silver Dollars, and stashed them away in a cigar box until their discovery and sale in 1964. Only a part of that legend is true (the coins were indeed of superb quality). The rest, as I mentioned, is myth.
Recently, numismatic researcher David Tripp debunked the conventional wisdom that the coins were acquired by the Lord St. Oswald, based on the fact that the title did not exist until 1885. What Mr. Tripp discovered was that the coins were acquired by William Strickland, an ancestor of Lord St. Oswald, on a trip to the United States from 1794 to 1795. The Strickland coins ended up at Nostell Priory, a country home near Wakefield in West Yorkshire, England, where they remained until their sale 170 years later. The coins were not bouncing about, loose and unprotected, in a cigar box. Rather, the coins were housed in a coin cabinet constructed by Thomas Chippendale, whose name is revered among furniture collectors.
In October 1964, the English auction house of Christie, Manson, and Woods offered 30 United States coins from the Lord St. Oswald Collection. Starting at lot 137, the collection included two 1794 Silver Dollars, three 1795 Silver Dollars, three 1795 Half Dollars, and twenty-two 1794 Large Cents. How these coins were selected for sale in 1964 is unknown, but several coins were left behind, including a 1793 Chain Cent, two High-Relief Head 1794 Half Cents, two more 1794 Large Cents, and a group of mixed Colonial coins in various grades. In 1992, Christie’s sold the extra coins without mentioning the Lord St. Oswald name.
Because the total number of Federal coins in the Strickland/Lord St. Oswald Collection is only thirty-five coins, and because they are – for the most part – so well known, I thought it would be interesting to find out where they are now. What are the “modern” grades and where have they been since 1964 (and 1992)? Some of the answers are unexpected.
In the next installment, we’ll begin looking at the individual coins and revealing some interesting information about them. Stay tuned.
Two weeks ago, I introduced the next generation PCGS holder and it was very well received. Today I’d like to answer some of the questions that were asked about testing, materials, and combatting counterfeiters.
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