REVISITING THE DR. JOHN E. WILKISON COLLECTION OF GOLD U.S. PATTERNS, Part III

Posted on January 17, 2018 by

In the last installment, we looked at Dr. Wilkison’s two J-135’s. What did not show up on his inventory listing, but which has been attributed to him, is a blank planchet for an annular gold coin of the weight of .965 grains (or 14.89 grains). This weight conforms closely to some of the known J-135 Half Dollar patterns, but it is too light to be a J-136, J-137, J-169, or J-145 (the other annular gold patterns.

The pedigree on this mysterious coin is shown under Pollock-162 (his Item D, expanded here) as: Dr. John E. Wilkison (per Pollock) – D.M.X. Fretwell Estate (d) – Robert L. Hughes 3/1981:1059 (d) – Superior 10/1991:2226 (as Raw MS65), $2,530.

Abe Kosoff, in Judd’s Seventh Edition lists this coin under J-135 as “probably ex-Wilkison.”  If anyone knows of the whereabouts of this piece, or has any more specifics, please contact me at [email protected]

Now, on to more of Dr. Wilkison’s gold Dollar patterns.

88903

1852 $1 Gold Pattern, Judd 137, Pollock 164, Gold, Reeded Edge
PCGS PR65 31672920

Judd 137 was another attempt in 1852 at an annular Gold Dollar — or was it?  Two examples have survived, both struck over Quarter Eagles, one of which was dated 1859!  Clearly, Judd 137’s were struck as rarities for sale to collectors.  One example was owned by Dr. Wilkison; both nowreside in the Simpson  Collection (as of this writing).

There is some confusion regarding the early pedigrees of both pieces, but there is no doubt that the piece illustrated here is the one owned by Dr. Wilkison.  It is the plate coin in Aker’s Gold Pattern reference, where he claimed that it was struck over an 1846 Quarter Eagle. However, I examined this piece in person in 2000 and could find no evidence of the date, which is obliterated by an unfortunately placed leaf.  Nor is the date visible on Phil Arnold’s recent, high-resolution image here.

470205

1852 $1 Gold Pattern, Judd 141, Pollock 169, Gold, Plain Edge
PCGS PR65+ 31672921

Judd 141 is a “common” variety relative to the other gold patterns.  Pattern researcher, Saul Teichman, estimates that perhaps a dozen are known.  Dr. Wilkison owned two examples, but only one can be positively traced to his collection.  Like many of Dr. Wilkison’s gold patterns, this one is now part of the Simpson Collection.

470207

1852 $1 Gold Pattern, Judd 145, Pollock 173. Gold, Plain Edge, Thin Planchet
PCGS PR66+ 31672922

Judd 145 is the last of the annular gold patterns.  Both lightweight and heavyweight examples are known most commonly as Thin and Thick versions.  The Thick planchet varieties are believed to be true patterns of the year; the Thin planchets are thought to be restrikes made circa 1859 and later. Amazingly, Dr. Wilkison owned four Judd 145’s

 

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